Couchbase Revamps Document Database Based DBaaS

Couchbase Inc. has deployed a revamped database-as-a-service (DBaaS) platform called Couchbase Capella hosted on the Amazon Web Services (AWS) cloud.

Scott Anderson, senior vice president of product management for Couchbase, said that as application development continues to evolve, it’s becoming clear that more and more organizations prefer database vendors to data manage these platforms on their behalf. This approach allows database administrators (DBAs) to spend more time building and deploying applications, he noted.

Couchbase Capella is based on Couchbase Server 7, which added multi-statement SQL transaction capabilities to the document database, based on a JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) format, to also enable applications to run in microseconds transaction processing that previously would have required a relational database to process ACID SQL transactions.

This release of Couchbase Server 7 also added schemas and table-like organization structures, called “scopes and collections,” into the schemaless database to allow a table to be added while transactions are running.

As a document database, Couchbase gained traction primarily due to developers opting to use a database that they could download and deploy themselves to build applications instead of requiring a DBA configures a relational database. However, as the number of instances of a document database proliferates, a need to manage them across fleets of servers and cloud services has arisen.

The challenge then becomes whether to hire a dedicated administrator or use a vendor-managed DBaaS. Many organizations choose the DBaaS approach because it eliminates the need to hire a full-time administrator. However, once an organization has opted for the DBaaS approach, they must then integrate this service into their DevOps workflow to build these applications.

Of course, there is no shortage of options when it comes to DBaaS platforms. The global cloud database and DBaaS market size is expected to reach $26 billion by 2025, according to a report by Adroit Market Research. Overall, the services-as-a-service market reached a record $13.4 billion in the third quarter, up 55% from a year earlier, according to a report by Information Services Group ( ISG).

It’s unclear to what extent organizations will end up relying on platforms as a service, but since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the shift to this approach to consuming computing resources has increased dramatically. As a result, the way internal IT teams are organized is changing, as lower-level tasks are either automated or handled by an external IT team that works for a vendor.

Either way, the amount of data created and analyzed within organizations will only increase. Organizations will need to consider how much it makes sense for them to manage this data rather than relying on an external service provider. The challenge, of course, when relying on an external service provider is not just technical; it introduces a new cultural dynamic that many IT teams take time to fully appreciate.

Maria H. Underwood